Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy 2021; 10(02): 065-080
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722301
Review Article

Neuroimaging of Childhood Epilepsy: Focal versus Generalized Epilepsy

Reza Assadsangabi
1  Department of Neuroradiology, Radiology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, United States
,
Arzu Ozturk
1  Department of Neuroradiology, Radiology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, United States
,
Trishna Kantamneni
2  Department of Neurology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, United States
,
Nazarin Azizi
1  Department of Neuroradiology, Radiology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, United States
,
Shailesh M. Asaikar
3  Child & Adolescent Neurology Consultants, Sacramento, California, United States
,
Lotfi Hacein-Bey
1  Department of Neuroradiology, Radiology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Neuroimaging plays an increasingly crucial role in delineating the pathophysiology, and guiding the evaluation, management and monitoring of epilepsy. Imaging contributes to adequately categorizing seizure/epilepsy types in complex clinical situations by demonstrating anatomical and functional changes associated with seizure activity. This article reviews the current status of multimodality neuroimaging in the pediatric population, including focal lesions which may result in focal epileptic findings, focal structural abnormalities that may manifest as generalized epileptiform discharges, and generalized epilepsy without evidence of detectable focal abnormalities.



Publication History

Received: 16 November 2020

Accepted: 01 November 2020

Publication Date:
02 February 2021 (online)

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