CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Semin Hear 2021; 42(03): 260-281
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1735134
Review Article

Creating Clarity in Noisy Environments by Using Deep Learning in Hearing Aids

Asger Heidemann Andersen
1  Oticon A/S, Smørum, Denmark
,
Sébastien Santurette
1  Oticon A/S, Smørum, Denmark
,
Michael Syskind Pedersen
1  Oticon A/S, Smørum, Denmark
,
Emina Alickovic
2  Eriksholm Research Centre, Oticon A/S, Snekkersten, Denmark
,
Lorenz Fiedler
2  Eriksholm Research Centre, Oticon A/S, Snekkersten, Denmark
,
Jesper Jensen
1  Oticon A/S, Smørum, Denmark
,
Thomas Behrens
1  Oticon A/S, Smørum, Denmark
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Hearing aids continue to acquire increasingly sophisticated sound-processing features beyond basic amplification. On the one hand, these have the potential to add user benefit and allow for personalization. On the other hand, if such features are to benefit according to their potential, they require clinicians to be acquainted with both the underlying technologies and the specific fitting handles made available by the individual hearing aid manufacturers. Ensuring benefit from hearing aids in typical daily listening environments requires that the hearing aids handle sounds that interfere with communication, generically referred to as “noise.” With this aim, considerable efforts from both academia and industry have led to increasingly advanced algorithms that handle noise, typically using the principles of directional processing and postfiltering. This article provides an overview of the techniques used for noise reduction in modern hearing aids. First, classical techniques are covered as they are used in modern hearing aids. The discussion then shifts to how deep learning, a subfield of artificial intelligence, provides a radically different way of solving the noise problem. Finally, the results of several experiments are used to showcase the benefits of recent algorithmic advances in terms of signal-to-noise ratio, speech intelligibility, selective attention, and listening effort.



Publication History

Publication Date:
24 September 2021 (online)

© 2021. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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