PMIO 2017; 4(02): e52-e58
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-106857
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Biological Activity of Bunium persicum Essential Oil from Western Himalaya

Iris Stappen
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
,
Nurhayat Tabanca
National Center for Natural Products Research, The University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA
Department of Entomology and Nematology, Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
,
Abbas Ali
National Center for Natural Products Research, The University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA
,
David E. Wedge
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, University of Mississippi, University, MS, USA
,
Jürgen Wanner
Kurt Kitzing Co., Wallerstein, Germany
,
Velizar Gochev
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, “Paisii Hilendarski” – University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria
,
Vikas Jaitak
Biodiversity Division, CSIR – Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, India
,
Brij Lal
Centre for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India
,
Vijay K. Kaul
Ex-Scientist of CSIR – Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, H.P., India
,
Erich Schmidt
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
,
Leopold Jirovetz
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 25 November 2016
revised 08 March 2017

accepted 09 March 2017

Publication Date:
14 July 2017 (online)

Abstract

The essential oil of Bunium persicum collected from cultivated sources in the cold desert area of Lahaul-Spiti is described for its antimicrobial, larvicidal, and biting deterrent activities. Additionally, odor characterization is given. The chemical composition of the essential oil was analyzed by simultaneous GC-MS and GC-FID. γ-Terpinene and p-cymene were found to be the major compounds. Antibacterial testing by an agar dilution assay revealed low activity of the oil against all tested bacteria. Antifungal activity was evaluated against Candida albicans as well as three species of the strawberry anthracnose causing plant pathogen Colletotrichum. Bunium persicum essential oil demonstrated antifungal activity against all four pathogens. Biting deterrent activity against Aedes aegypti was greater than the solvent control, but significantly lower than DEET. The essential oil of B. persicum exhibited larvicidal activity with an LC50 value of 58.6 ppm against Ae. aegypti larvae.