Synfacts 2008(2): 0140-0140  
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-992461
Synthesis of Heterocycles
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Pyridinones from Reaction of Vilsmeier-Haack Reagents with Ketene Dithioacetals

Contributor(s): Victor Snieckus, Johnathan Board
L. Chen, Y.-L. Zhao*, Q. Liu*, C. Cheng, C.-R. Piao
Northeast Normal University, Changchun, P. R. of China
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
23 January 2008 (online)


Reported is a synthesis of 4-halo-2(1H)-pyridinones by reaction of ketene dithio­acetals with an excess of the Vilsmeier-Haack reagents. The halo substituent in the pyridinone product is dependent on the starting Vilsmeier-Haack component. A complex, yet plausible mechanism is proposed that is supported by experimental evidence. The authors explain the formation of significantly different products from the six- and five-membered dithiane-ring starting materials through different levels of overlap of the carbon-sulfur s orbitals with a proposed α-carbo­cation.