Endoscopy 2019; 51(04): E83-E84
DOI: 10.1055/a-0820-1824
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© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

A novel handmade “multi-bending endoscope system” for endoscopic submucosal dissection of difficult-to-approach superficial gastric neoplasms

Katsumi Yamamoto
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Osaka Hospital, Osaka, Japan
,
Kohei Tanaka
2  Department of Internal Medicine, Tanaka Naika Iin, Osaka, Japan
,
Shiro Hayashi
3  Department of Gastroenterology, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Osaka, Japan
,
Mariko Sawamura
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Osaka Hospital, Osaka, Japan
,
Nobuyuki Tatsumi
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Osaka Hospital, Osaka, Japan
,
Tomoki Michida
4  Department of Gastroenterology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan
,
Toshifumi Ito
1  Department of Gastroenterology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization, Osaka Hospital, Osaka, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Corresponding author

Katsumi Yamamoto, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology
Japan Community Healthcare Organization (JCHO) Osaka Hospital
4-2-78 Fukushima, Fukushima-ku
Osaka 553-0003
Japan   
Fax: +81-6-64458900   

Publication History

Publication Date:
07 February 2019 (online)

 

Maintaining a good operative field is crucial when performing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial gastrointestinal tumors, but it often requires high skill or special equipment depending on the location of the lesion [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. Early gastric cancers are frequently detected at the lesser curvature of the gastric body, but ESD of lesions in this area may be challenging because of the difficult approach. A multi-bending endoscope is a good option for such a situation [1], but it is not widely used owing to its limited purpose and relatively high cost. We therefore developed a handmade multi-bending system and used it to perform ESD for 12 difficult-to-approach lesions located at the lesser curvature of the gastric body. Herein, we report the method and efficacy of the system.

The tip of the external tube (Crusher catheter, Zeon Medical, Japan) was fixed with tape about 15 – 20 cm away from the tip of a gastroscope (Olympus or Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan) ([Fig. 1]). A fishing line (PE line, #3, 40lb) was passed through the external tube, and then bound and fixed with tape at the original first bend. A second bend was created by pulling the fishing line, and fixed using a three-way stopcock according to the circumstances.

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Appearance of the handmade multi-bending system. a The handmade multi-bending system before creating the second bend. b The second bend is created by pulling the fishing line, which is passed through the external tube. c The second bend can also be created on the opposite side. d The sheath of a Crusher catheter with a three-way stopcock is used as an external tube. The second bend can be fixed by locking the three-way stopcock.

In all 12 cases, the operator could closely and tangentially approach each lesion with the tip of the endoscope using the multi-bending system ([Fig. 2], [Video 1]). Therefore, en bloc resections by ESD with an ITknife2 (Olympus) or FlushknifeBT (Fujifilm) were achieved more easily and speedily without any complications. The average resected specimen diameter and procedure times were 39.4 mm and 35.8 minutes, respectively.

Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Approach to the lesion at the lesser curvature of the gastric body using the handmade multi-bending system. The lesion is approached closely and tangentially using the handmade multi-bending system.

Video 1 Creation of the handmade multi-bending system and use of the device to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection of difficult-to-approach early gastric cancer at the lesser curvature of the lower gastric body.


Quality:

Our handmade multi-bending system functions like a multi-bending endoscope and seems to be a very effective option for ESD of difficult-to-approach lesions located at the lesser curvature of the gastric body.

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Competing interests

None


Corresponding author

Katsumi Yamamoto, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology
Japan Community Healthcare Organization (JCHO) Osaka Hospital
4-2-78 Fukushima, Fukushima-ku
Osaka 553-0003
Japan   
Fax: +81-6-64458900   


Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Appearance of the handmade multi-bending system. a The handmade multi-bending system before creating the second bend. b The second bend is created by pulling the fishing line, which is passed through the external tube. c The second bend can also be created on the opposite side. d The sheath of a Crusher catheter with a three-way stopcock is used as an external tube. The second bend can be fixed by locking the three-way stopcock.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Approach to the lesion at the lesser curvature of the gastric body using the handmade multi-bending system. The lesion is approached closely and tangentially using the handmade multi-bending system.