Synfacts 2013; 9(12): 1257
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1340125
Synthesis of Natural Products and Potential Drugs
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Total Synthesis of (±)-Merochlorin A

Erick M. Carreira
Nikolas Huwyler
Pepper HP, George JH * University of Adelaide, Australia
Biomimetic Total Synthesis of (±)-Merochlorin A.

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013;
52: 12170-12173
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
18 November 2013 (online)



The first total synthesis of (±)-merochlorin A, an unusual chlorinated meroterpenoid isolated from the marine bacterium Streptomyces sp. strain CNH-189, is reported together with an alternative proposal for its biosynthesis. The natural product, which harbors four contiguous stereogenic centers within a compact bicycle[3.2.1]octanone, exhibits antibiotic activity against several multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MIC = 2-4 μg·mL–1) as well as Clostridium difficile (MIC = 0.15 μg·mL–1) and is thus considered an interesting new lead candidate.



The very concise and potentially biomimetic route towards this natural product as reported by Pepper and George delivers the desired target in a longest linear sequence of only six steps starting from commercially available geranyl bromide and could thus be used to prepare over one gram of this novel antibiotic to date. Thereby, the key element of the synthesis is an oxidative dearomatization–[5+2]-cycloaddition domino reaction that forges the required bicyclic core scaffold as well as all of the four contiguous stereogenic centers in a single step.