Planta Med 2011; 77(15): 1754-1756
DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1271065
Analytical Studies
Letters
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

The Content of Artemisinin in the Artemisia annua Tea Infusion

Frank van der Kooy1 , Robert Verpoorte1
  • 1Division of Pharmacognosy, Section of Metabolomics, Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
Further Information

Publication History

received February 11, 2011 revised March 31, 2011

accepted April 5, 2011

Publication Date:
03 May 2011 (eFirst)

Abstract

The traditional use of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua for the treatment of malaria entails the preparation of a tea infusion. In the scientific literature there have been some discrepancies on the quantity of the active principle, artemisinin, in the tea infusion. Due to these discrepancies, we decided to quantify artemisinin in tea infusions prepared according to different methods. We also studied the water solubility of pure artemisinin at room temperature and at 100 °C and compared it to the solubility of artemisinin from the plant material. We found that the extraction efficiency is very sensitive to temperature and that efficiencies of above 90 % can be reached. We also showed that the solubility of artemisinin is not improved by other components in the extract but that a supersaturated solution of artemisinin might be formed, which is stable for at least 24 hours.

References

Dr. Frank van der Kooy

Divisionof Pharmacognosy
Institute of Biology
University of Leiden

Einsteinweg 55

2333CC, Leiden

The Netherlands

Phone: +31 7 15 27 44 71

Fax: +31 7 15 27 45 11

Email: f.vanderkooy@chem.leidenuniv.nl