Eur J Pediatr Surg 2014; 24(04): 303-307
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1386650
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Simulation-Based Education and Performance Assessments for Pediatric Surgeons

Katherine Barsness
1  Departments of Surgery and Medical Education, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Pediatric Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 June 2014

13 June 2014

Publication Date:
21 August 2014 (eFirst)

Abstract

Education in the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for a surgeon to perform at an expert level in the operating room, and beyond, must address all potential cognitive and technical performance gaps, professionalism and personal behaviors, and effective team communication. Educational strategies should also seek to replicate the stressors and distractions that might occur during a high-risk operation or critical care event. Finally, education cannot remain fixed in an apprenticeship model of “See one, do one, teach one,” whereby patients are exposed to the risk of harm inherent to any learning curve. The majority of these educational goals can be achieved with the addition of simulation-based education (SBE) as a valuable adjunct to traditional training methods. This article will review relevant principles of SBE, explore currently available simulation-based educational tools for pediatric surgeons, and finally make projections for the future of SBE and performance assessments for pediatric surgeons.