Eur J Pediatr Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1660448
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Negative Pressure Wound Dressing Reduces Surgical Site Infections in Infants after Closed Abdominal Procedures: A Preliminary Report

Christoph Zoeller
1  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
,
Emi Yoshizawa
1  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
,
Mohammad V. Sethi
1  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
,
Benno M. Ure
1  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
,
Joachim F. Kuebler
1  Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

20 December 2017

25 April 2018

Publication Date:
19 June 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

Introduction Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a novel tool to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). Although SSIs are a common source of morbidity in infants undergoing laparotomy, the cost of the available NPWT devices has restricted its use to adult high-risk patients. We developed a low-cost method of NPWT in infants and analyzed its impact on the incidence of SSIs in infant patients.

Patients and Methods A consecutive series of infants (age ≤ 12 months) who underwent a clean-contaminated, contaminated, or dirty abdominal procedure via laparotomy from 08/2015 to 12/2016 were included. The choice of the applied dressing, either NPWT or standard surgical dressing (SSD), was made at the surgeon's discretion. SSIs were documented prospectively. The Horan definition and the Clavien-Dindo classification were used. The cost of material was calculated for both groups.

Results Ninety-three consecutive patients were included (65 SSD and 28 NPWT). SSI occurred in 10 patients in the SSD group, Grade I in 7 and Grade II in 3 (Clavien-Dindo classification). No SSI occurred in patients with NPWT (p < 0.05). The cost of an SSD was less than 1 €, and the cost of a NPWT was less than 10 €.

Conclusion The routine use of this modified vacuum wound dressing may be an efficient and affordable technique to decrease SSIs in infants who underwent contaminated abdominal operations.