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Neonatal Resuscitation and Postresuscitation Care of Infants Born to Mothers with Suspected or Confirmed SARS-CoV-2 Infection
30 March 2020
30 March 2020
08 April 2020 (online)
The first case of novel coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome–coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was reported in November2019. The rapid progression to a global pandemic of COVID-19 has had profound medical, social, and economic consequences. Pregnant women and newborns represent a vulnerable population. However, the precise impact of this novel virus on the fetus and neonate remains uncertain. Appropriate protection of health care workers and newly born infants during and after delivery by a COVID-19 mother is essential. There is some disagreement among expert organizations on an optimal approach based on resource availability, surge volume, and potential risk of transmission. The manuscript outlines the precautions and steps to be taken before, during, and after resuscitation of a newborn born to a COVID-19 mother, including three optional variations of current standards involving shared-decision making with parents for perinatal management, resuscitation of the newborn, disposition, nutrition, and postdischarge care. The availability of resources may also drive the application of these guidelines. More evidence and research are needed to assess the risk of vertical and horizontal transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and its impact on fetal and neonatal outcomes.
The risk of vertical transmission is unclear; transmission from family members/providers to neonates is possible.
Optimal personal-protective-equipment (airborne vs. droplet/contact precautions) for providers is crucial to prevent transmission.
Parents should be engaged in shared decision-making with options for rooming in, skin-to-skin contact, and breastfeeding.
D.T., P.C., and S.L. are scientific experts associated with ILCOR and S.L. is a member of the steering committee of the American Academy of Pediatrics Neonatal Resuscitation Program. M.V. is the Chairman of the European Board of Neonatology (European Society for Pediatric Research) and the Chairman of the Spanish Maternal, Neonatal, and Developmental Network SAMID (Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Carlos III, Ministry of Science and Innovation, Kingdom of Spain). However, the views expressed in this article are individual opinions of the authors and do not reflect official recommendations of these organizations.
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