Eur J Pediatr Surg 2022; 32(01): 067-072
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1739424
Original Article

Development of Sacral Ratio Percentile Card for Children: A Preliminary Report

Kutay Bahadir
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
,
Bilgesu Arikan-Ergun
2   Department of Radiology, Dr. Nafiz Korez Sincan State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
,
Atilla Halil Elhan
3   Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
,
Ergun Ergun
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
,
Tanju Aktug
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
› Author Affiliations
Funding No financial assistance was received to support this study.

Abstract

Introduction Sacrospinal anomalies that may accompany anorectal malformations may cause fecal and urinary incontinence despite proper anomaly treatment. The sacral ratio has been suggested in the determination of both the prognosis in terms of incontinence and the need for further examination for sacrospinal anomalies. The normal and clinically decisive values of sacral ratio are given differently in publications. We aimed to determine the distribution of the sacral ratio in children under 12 months and to develop the sacral ratio percentile card that will enable one to give an age-independent parametric result in clinical evaluations.

Materials and Methods The files of patients under 1 year of age who had anteroposterior direct radiography including pelvis were reviewed retrospectively. Sacral ratio was studied for 360 patients, 30 patients per month. Percentile card was developed with LMS software and reference values were used as 1, 2, 3, 4, and 10%.

Results The lowest sacral ratio value was 0.514 and the highest value was 0.936. There was no statistical difference between the mean sacral ratio of the cases when they were classified on a monthly basis (p = 0.191). Low percentile values were found slightly different at first 4 months of age.

Conclusion Although the mean of sacral ratio does not change significantly during the first year of life, values that are considered pathological for patients are within different percentile limits depending on age. Instead of using sacral ratio with some clinically decisive values, we think that parametric evaluation with the help of the percentile card will increase its clinical value.



Publication History

Received: 22 June 2021

Accepted: 05 October 2021

Publication Date:
30 November 2021 (online)

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