Eur J Pediatr Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1768450
Original Article

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Pediatric Surgical Scientific Formats: An ERNICA Survey on Challenges and Future Directions

Ophelia Aubert
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany
Jan-Hendrik Gosemann
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany
René Wijnen
2   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus MC Sophia, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Martin Lacher
1   Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany
Benno Ure
3   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Germany
Omid Madadi-Sanjani
3   Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Germany
› Author Affiliations


Introduction The aims of this survey were to assess the experiences of the transition from in-person to virtual meetings among European pediatric surgeons since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and to identify preferences for future formats.

Materials and Methods An online questionnaire was circulated among members of the European Reference Network for rare Inherited and Congenital Anomalies Network (ERNICA) in 2022. Two time periods were compared (3 years before the COVID-19 pandemic vs. the year 2021).

Results A total of 87 pediatric surgeons from 16 countries completed the survey. In addition, 27% of respondents were trainees/residents and 73% consultants/lead surgeons. Consultants participated in significantly more in-person congresses prior to the COVID-19 pandemic compared with trainees (5.2 vs. 1.9; p < 0.001). A significant increase in attendance of virtual meeting was reported during 2021 compared with pre-COVID-19 (1.4 vs. 6.7; p < 0.001). Consultants had experienced significantly less absenteeism thanks to virtual meetings compared with trainees (42/61 vs. 8/23; p < 0.05). Most surgeons considered virtual meetings more economic (82%), practical (78%), and family-friendly (66%). However, a majority reported missing social events (78%). The communication among attendees or between attendees and speakers or scientific faculty was deemed worse. A minority (14%) experienced equalized representation of trainees and consultants at virtual meetings. Most respondents (58%) agreed that future meeting strategies should focus on offering virtual formats. Regarding future congresses, respondents prefer hybrid (62%) over in-person (33%) or virtual (6%) formats.

Conclusion According to European pediatric surgeons, virtual learning formats hold multiple advantages and should be continued. Improved technology must meet the challenges, particularly to enhance communication, equal representation, and networking between attendees.

Publication History

Received: 15 January 2023

Accepted: 28 March 2023

Article published online:
16 May 2023

© 2023. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

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