Synlett 2002(9): 1529-1531
DOI: 10.1055/s-2002-33535
LETTER
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Efficient Pd(0)-Catalyzed Hydrosilylation of Alkynes with Triorganosilanes

Dai Motoda, Hiroshi Shinokubo, Koichiro Oshima*
Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
Fax: +81(75)7534863; e-Mail: [email protected];
Further Information

Publication History

Received 20 May 2002
Publication Date:
17 September 2002 (online)

Abstract

An electron-rich Pd(0) complex, a Pd2(dba)3·CHCl3-tricyclohexylphosphine combination catalyzes highly efficient hydrosilylation of alkynes at room temperature with Ph3SiH or Ph2MeSiH without solvents. The regioselectivity of this process is higher than that with the conventional Pt(0)-catalyzed hydrosilyl­ation.

    References

  • 1a Hiyama T. Kusumoto T. In Comprehensive Organic Synthesis   Vol. 8:  Trost BM. Fleming I. Pergamon Press; Oxford: 1991.  Chap. 3.12.
  • 1b Ojima I. Li Z. Zhu J. In The Chemistry of Organosilicon Compounds, Part 2   Vol. 2:  Rappoport Z. Apeloig Y. Wiley; Chichester: 1998.  Chap. 29.
  • 1c Corey JY. In Advances in Silicon Chemistry   Larson GL. JAI; Greenwich: 1991.  p.355 
  • 1d Marciniec B. Comprehensive Handbook on Hydrosilylation   Pergamon Press; Oxford: 1992. 
  • 2 Recent examples of hydrosilylation with other catalysts. Ni catalysis: Maciejewski H. Marciniec B. Kownacki I. J. Organomet. Chem.  2000,  597:  175 
  • Ru catalysis:
  • 3a Trost BM. Ball ZT. J. Am. Chem. Soc.  2001,  123:  12726 
  • 3b Na Y. Chang S. Org. Lett.  2000,  2:  1887 
  • 3c Katayama H. Taniguchi K. Kobayashi M. Sagawa T. Minami T. Ozawa F. J. Organomet. Chem.  2002,  645:  192 
  • Lewis acid catalysis:
  • 4a Asao N. Sudo T. Yamamoto Y. J. Org. Chem.  1996,  61:  7654 
  • 4b Sudo T. Asao N. Gevorgyan V. Yamamoto Y. J. Org. Chem.  1999,  64:  2494 
  • 4c Yamamoto K. Takemae M. Synlett  1990,  259 
  • 4d Rubin M. Schwier T. Gevorgyan N. J. Org. Chem.  2002,  67:  1936 
  • 4e Song YS. Yoo BR. Lee GH. Jung IN. Organometallics  1999,  18:  3109 
  • 4f Buriak JM. Allen MJ. J. Am. Chem. Soc.  1998,  120:  1339 
  • Radical Catalysis:
  • 5a Miura K. Oshima K. Utimoto K. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn.  1993,  66:  2356 
  • 5b Amrein S. Timmermann A. Studer A. Org. Lett.  2001,  3:  2357 
  • 6a Ojima I. Yatabe M. Fuchikami T. J. Organomet. Chem.  1984,  260:  335 
  • 6b Hydrosilylation with cationic palladium complexes has been reported, see: Winderhoefer RA. Vadera A. Cheruvu PK. Organometallics  1999,  18:  4614 
  • 6c Pd-catalyzed hydrosilylation with dimerization of alkynes: Kawanami Y. Yamamoto K. Synlett  1995,  1232 
  • 6d The Pd2dba3·CHCl3-Cy3P-catalyzed reaction of alkynes with PhSiH3 has been reported, see: Yamashita H. Uchimaru Y. Chem. Commun.  1999,  1763 
  • 7a Jensen JF. Svendsen BY. la Cour TV. Pedersen HL. Johannsen M. J. Am. Chem. Soc.  2002,  124:  4558 
  • 7b Shimada T. Mukaide K. Shinohara A. Han JW. Hayashi T. J. Am. Chem. Soc.  2002,  124:  1584 
  • 7c Han JW. Tokunaga N. Hayashi T. J. Am. Chem. Soc.  2001,  123:  12915 
  • 7d Hayashi T. In Comprehensive Asymmetric Catalysis   Vol. 1:  Jacobsen NE. Pfaltz A. Yamamoto H. Springer; Berlin: 1999.  Chap. 7.
  • 7e Hayashi T. Acta Chem. Scand.  1996,  50:  259 
  • 7f Nishiyama H. Itoh K. In Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis   2nd ed.:  Ojima I. VCH; New York: 2000.  p.111-143  
  • 8 For the use of electron rich Pd(0)/trialkylphoshine catalysts, see: Netherton MR. Fu GC. Org. Lett.  2001,  3:  4295 ; and ref. 3 therein
  • 9a Lewis LN. Sy KG. Bryant GL. Donahue PE. Organometallics  1991,  10:  3750 
  • 9b Lewis LN. Sy KG. Donahue PE. J. Organomet. Chem.  1992,  427:  165 
  • 9c Chauhan M. Hauck BJ. Keller LP. Boudjouk P. J. Organomet. Chem.  2002,  645:  1 
  • 9d For hydrosilylation with Ph3SiH under other metal catalyses, see: Bartik T. Nagy G. Kvintovics P. Happ B. J. Organomet. Chem.  1993,  453:  29 
  • 9e Also see: Faller JW. D’Alliessi DP. Organometallics  2002,  21:  1743 
  • 12 Kinoshita H. Nakamura T. Kakiya H. Shinokubo H. Matsubara S. Oshima K. Org. Lett.  2001,  3:  2521 
10

Experimental Procedure: The reaction of dodec-1-en-11-yne with Ph3SiH is representative. In a 30 mL round-bottomed flask, Pd2(dba)3·CHCl3 (5.2 mg, 0.005 mmol) and tricyclohexylphosphine (5.6 mg, 0.02 mmol) were placed under argon atmosphere, and dodec-1-en-11-yne (0.26 mL, 1.2 mmol) was introduced via a syringe. The mixture was stirred well for 10 min to make it homogeneous. To the mixture, triphenylsilane (260 mg, 1.0 mmol) was added at room temperature. Triphenylsilane was soon dissolved and the mixture became homogeneous. After 1 h, the reaction mixture was submitted on silica gel purification to provide (E)-1-triphenylsilyl-dodeca-1,11-diene (369 mg, 0.87 mmol) in 87% yield along with a minor amount of 2-triphenylsilyl-dodeca-1,11-diene (3%).

11

None of alkenylsilanes were obtained with triethylsilane.

13

Experimental Procedure for Aqueous Reaction: In a round-bottomed flask, Pd2(dba)3·CHCl3 (5.2 mg, 0.005 mmol), tris(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphine (10.7 mg, 0.02 mmol), and 1-octyne (0.30 mL, 2.0 mmol) were mixed well. To the mixture, distilled water (5 mL, non-degassed) was introduced and the mixture was stirred vigorously (1500 rpm) for 5 min. Triphenylsilane (260 mg, 1.0 mmol) was then added, and the heterogeneous mixture was stirred vigorously for 6 h. Extractive workup and purification provided (E)-1-triphenylsilyl-1-octene (256 mg, 0.69 mmol) along with 2-triphenylsilyl-1-octene (13%).

14

An addition of a small amount of water (0.1 mL) to the neat reaction did not enhance the reactivity. Therefore, the amount of water is essential.