Planta Med 2005; 71(3): 280-283
DOI: 10.1055/s-2005-837828
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Chemical Variability in the Essential Oil Components of Achillea millefolium Agg. from Different Himalayan Habitats (India)

Vijai K. Agnihotri1 , Surrinder K. Lattoo1 , Rajendra K. Thappa1 , Pinki Kaul1 , Ghulam N. Qazi1 , Autar K. Dhar1 , Amit Saraf1 , Bal K. Kapahi1 , Rajendra K. Saxena2 , Shri G. Agarwal1
  • 1Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu (J and K), India
  • 2Chemistry Division, DAV College, Kanpur (U.P.), India
Further Information

Publication History

Received: May 27, 2004

Accepted: September 5, 2004

Publication Date:
15 March 2005 (online)


Essential oil diversity was studied in wild Achillea millefolium from two different high altitude Himalayan habitats (1600 m, 2850 m) and their cultivated populations under uniform environmental conditions at lower altitudes of Jammu (300 m). The populations proved to represent two different ecotypes: the 1,8-cineole type and the borneol type with appreciable differences in the contents of oils and mono- and sesquiterpenes. Populations from all these habitats showed considerable overlap in various constituents and the major components were characterized as β-pinene (10.6 % - 17.7 %), 1,8-cineole (3.0 % - 15.1 %), borneol (0.2 % - 12.1 %), and β-caryophyllene (8.5 % - 16.2 %). No variation in morphology and chromosome number was observed under comparable environmental conditions from different habitats. Preliminary investigation indicates the existence of different ecotypes from the Himalayan habitats.


Dr. Shri Gopal Agarwal

NPC Division

Regional Research Laboratory

Jammu-180001 (J and K)


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